Cape Verde



Geographical Situation of Cape Verde

The Republic of Cape Verde is an archipelago located 455km off the west coast of Africa. It consists of ten islands and eight islets, divided into two large groups depending on the position of the northwestern easterly wind: i) Windward Group, which is part of the islands of Santo Antão (754 Km2), São Vicente (228 Km2), Santa Luzia (34 Km2), São Nicolau (342 Km2), Sal (215 Km2), Boa Vista (622 Km2) and the Isles Raso e Branco e, ii ) Leeward Group that integrates those of May (267 km2), Santiago (992 km2), Fogo (477 km2), Brava (65 km2) and the Islets Secos or Rombo.
The islands are of volcanic origin and are mostly mountainous. The island of Fogo, where the volcano of the same name is still active, has the highest peak measuring 2,882 meters and the rare landscape of black sand beaches. Other high points of the country are located on the island of Santo Antão - Top of Coroa, with 1 979 meters and in Santiago - Pico de Antónia with 1,373 meters. The islands of Sal, Boa Vista and Maio are flat and are the islands where you will find large stretches of white sand beaches that contrasts with the intense blue of the sea and sometimes tinted in various shades of blue.
Due to its geographical situation, Cape Verde is part of the Sahelian group and therefore has an arid and semi-arid climate, hot and dry, with low rainfall and an average annual temperature of 25ºC. The rainy season is usually between July and October, often with some irregularity and considerable periods between one rain and another.



History tells us that the discovery of Cape Verde occurred in the fifteenth century, more precisely in 1460. Portuguese colonization began soon after its discovery, the first islands to be populated those of Santiago and Fogo. To encourage colonization the Portuguese court established a letter of privilege to the residents of Santiago of the slave trade on the Costa da Guiné. In Ribeira Grande - Santiago - the first trading post was established A trading post was established in Ribeira Grande - Santiago Island, which served as a stopover point for Portuguese vessels and for the slave trade and commerce that began to grow at that time. Later, with the abolition of slavery and with favorable climatic conditions, due to its geographical situation, the country began to show signs of fragility and went into decadence having a poor and subsistence economy.

In the twentieth century, from the 50's onwards, liberation and independence movements began to emerge a bit throughout the African continent. Cape Verde was linked to the struggle for Guinea's liberation. In 1956 Amílcar Cabral founded the African Party for the Independence of Guinea and Cape Verde (PAIGC) in Bissau. In 1973, a year before the Carnation Revolution in Portugal, Amílcar Cabral is assassinated. On December 19, 1974 an agreement was signed between PAIGC and Portugal, establishing a transitional government in Cape Verde, which prepared the elections for a National People's Assembly. On July 5, 1975, the independence of the country was proclaimed, considered at the time by many as an unviable country, due to its own weaknesses. In 1991, the country experienced a shift in national political life, having held the first multiparty elections, establishing a parliamentary democracy.



With the lack of natural resources, and with a strategic position between the three continents, Cape Verde defined tourism and services, with particular emphasis on port and airport services, as essential pillars of its development. Cape Verde is heavily dependent on imports, including oil products, and has developed its agriculture, mainly for domestic consumption, despite the effects of drought. The exploitation of marine resources is also a strong component of the Cape Verdean economy. As such, services constitute 80% of GDP, agriculture 11% and Industry and energy 9%. GDP per capita stands at 2130 $ (2006). Remittances and foreign aid are another important component of Cape Verde's economic sector. In 35 years of independence, Cape Verde has seen considerable progress, for example in the growth of the Gross Domestic Product. Real GDP growth rates have averaged 5.7% per year between 2000 and 2005 and the growth rate, according to 2006 data of 10.8%.



Data from the 2010 Census show that 491,875 people live in Cape Verde, with a population of 0-17 years corresponding to 39% of this population (191,329 children and adolescents), a considerable number in proportional terms of the population, since other middle-income countries have between 25 and 30% of the population in this age group. The population of children in Cape Verde is divided as follows: 70,132 children from 0 to 6 years; 85,502 children aged 7 to 14; and 35,695 creates

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